After the legalization of adult-use recreational cannabis under the law of the Canadian cannabis act, a lot of people in Canada are interested in growing cannabis indoors. As per the cannabis act, one household can grow four cannabis plants. However, growing cannabis indoors is banned in Manitoba, Quebec, and Nunavut. Four plant rules also cover seedlings; therefore, don’t forget to keep the count to four, including the seedlings.
If you are keen to grow your cannabis plants indoors for recreational use, you have stopped by at the right place. We will guide you with a step-by-step process to grow healthy cannabis plants indoors. Growing weed on your own is an excellent option as you can have complete control over what you put in and how your plant grows. Don’t worry about a backyard or lots of space, as you can grow Mary Jane just anywhere!
Advantages Of Growing Cannabis Indoors
If you wonder about the benefits of growing cannabis indoors instead of just buying some, let us introduce you to the advantages. Since growing cannabis requires time, patience, nurture, and power equipment, why should you grow weed indoors? The answer is that you can have complete control over every aspect of your plant and its environment, leading to premium quality marijuana with zero additives or chemicals.
Listed below are some benefits of growing cannabis indoor:
Adaptability: you can control the entire environment of your plant as it is under your watch and care. You can easily regulate the amount of sunlight, nutrients, temperature, water, and humidity.
Better Harvest: growing cannabis gives you the advantage of increasing your plant as big as you like, controlling its flowering and harvesting per your preferences. You can grow cannabis at any time of the year and never run out of it.
Privacy: even in states where cannabis is legal, some people prefer not to reveal their crops to judgmental neighbours and potential thieves. Growing marijuana indoors is, therefore, a good option for privacy and security.
Steps To Grow Cannabis Indoors
Growing cannabis indoors is not a tough job, and we have simplified it even further for you with a step-by-step guide. Let us learn how to grow Mary Jane indoors:
Step 1 – Find A Place
The foremost step is to find a dedicated spot to grow your weed. You can practically grow it anywhere from a tent to a spare room, closet, cabinet, or basement. Just keep in mind to give your plant adequate space to grow in height and for you to work comfortably. Make sure to keep space for lights, fans, ducting, and other equipment. If you grow your plant in a cabinet, you can take it out to work and place it back. Ensure that the plant isn’t suffocated.
Sanitize and keep the area clean. Avoid surfaces like raw wood, carpets, and drapes which are harder to clean. Another important criterion is to keep your plant in a light-tight room to avoid confusion and male flowers.
Step 2 – Choose Lights
The light in your room is the top factor in deciding the quality and quantity of your cannabis. Make sure to choose a good light as per your budget. We have listed some of the best lights for your plants:
Step 3 – Give Your Plant Fresh Air
All plants need fresh air to survive and carbon dioxide to perform photosynthesis. Keep the grow room well ventilated throughout the day to remove the warm air and bring in fresh air for your plant. The size of the exhaust fan will depend upon the grow space and the amount of heat emitted by the grow lights.
Ensure to maintain the temperature between 69.98 Fahrenheit to 85.1 Fahrenheit when the grow lights are on and 57.92 Fahrenheit to 69.98 Fahrenheit when the lights are off. You can also choose to create an artificial environment with an air conditioner, CO2 system, and dehumidifier. This setup is expensive and isn’t advised for first-timers.
Step 4 – Control And Monitor
Now that you are done with the setup, it is crucial to control and regulate the light and temperature of your plant. A cannabis plant in its vegetative phase requires 16 to 20 hours of light per day. For the flowering stage, switch the lights to 12 hours per day. Make sure to turn on and off the grow lights simultaneously every day to avoid stressing your plant.
To regulate the other factors, use a thermostat to control temperature and a pH meter to check water pH levels. The desirable pH for marijuana ranges from 6 to 7 in soil and 5.5 to 6.5 in the hydroponic medium.
Step 5 – Choosing The Medium
While growing cannabis indoors, you can choose between soil and hydroponic medium to grow your plants. Let us look at each one of them.
Soil: If you want to keep your plant growth all organic, you can go for the most traditional way of growing plants in soil. Ensure that the soil doesn’t contain any harmful artificial fertilizer. You can consider super soil, which is best for growing cannabis. You can also make your super soil by mixing bat guano, worm casting, and other ingredients to any good quality soil.
Hydroponic: This is also known as soilless growing. In this method, you need to feed your plant with a nutritious solution that contains mineral salts and other required nutrients. Cannabis roots directly absorb these nutrients via osmosis. This method is quicker and gives better yields. However, this method requires high precision and includes risks.
Step 6 – Right Base For Your Plant
Choose a suitable container to keep your plants in. You can use traditional pot-growing cannabis in soil or opt for a flood and drain tray for the hydroponic method. Some budget-friendly alternatives are disposable perforated cloth or plastic bags. Ensure that the root of your cannabis get adequate air and have space to expand. Weed plants are sensitive to water clogging, ensuring proper drainage of the base they are contained in.
Step 7- Provide Proper Nutrition
To grow a high-quality cannabis plant, you will need to feed your cannabis with nutrient-dense fertilizers. Provide your plant nutrient solution once a week if you aren’t using super soil. Mentioned below are the important micro and macronutrients required by your plant:
Macronutrients: phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen
Micronutrients: calcium, iron, magnesium, copper
Step 8 – Watering Your Cannabis Plant
Watering your cannabis plant requires precision as it is sensitive to water clogging and may develop fungal root disease if overwatered. The water of different places varies in chlorine and iron levels; therefore, most people use filtered water for their plants to avoid risks, including harmful microbes. Also, make sure to check the water pH level for a healthy blooming cannabis yield.
Now you have all the steps to grow a healthy and premium cannabis plant on your tips. If you are a first-timer, don’t worry, as, with experience, you will learn to adjust your equipment and environment to better fit your expectations. Above all, shower your plants with love and care; they will surely love you back!